Water is the most important source of life on earth. One can go without food for days but not without water. But, it is really sad that this essential source is depleting at a very rapid rate. Due to reduced rainfall, the groundwater level is decreasing which has reduced the supply of water to the living organisms.
With the advent of industrialization and modernization, water has been polluted at a very high rate. All the agriculture waste including the harmful chemical fertilizers have polluted the rivers to such an extent that it has led to the death of many aquatic organisms. This is one major reason why chemical fertilizers are replaced by manure and biofertilizers. All the industrial waste flows into the rivers and ultimately into the oceans polluting the water bodies. The domestic garbage is also dumped into the rivers.
The waste from the hospitals is also flooded in the rivers. The dead and disposed bodies of animals and humans is seen flowing into the rivers. This has led to the spread of water-borne diseases among humans. The number of plastics flowing in the water bodies has led to the deaths of a number of fishes in the past few years.
The Minamata disease in Japan was the outcome of the release of methyl-mercury in the water from the industries. It has affected the human lives to such an extent that it has led to mutation in the DNA structure. This had not only affected the lives then, but has been affecting their future generations till date.
Thus we see how polluting the water bodies cost lives. Therefore it is your duty to adopt certain strategies to protect the water bodies. Most of the human activities depend upon water. Animals and plants also require water for their living. Therefore, you should take the following steps to prevent water pollution:
- Stop throwing waste into the rivers, and replace plastics with paper.
- You should disposeoff the chemicals in an environmentally efficient way.
- The use of chemical fertilizers should be reduced.
- You should excrete in proper toilets rather than the riversides.
Only then can you protect this essential natural resource in a sustainable manner.
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